Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
United Republic of Tanzania

Flag of Tanzania Coat of Arms of Tanzania
Uhuru na Umoja
Freedom and Unity
Mungu ibariki Afrika
God Bless Africa
Map of Tanzania
RegionEastern Africa
Government Republic
- From 2005Jakaya Kikwete
Prime Minister
- From 2008Mizengo Pinda
Legislature National Assembly
April 26, 1964United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
December 11, 1964United Republic of Tanzania
Commonwealth accessionApril 26, 1964
Area945,203 km²
- 201042,746,620
GDP2010 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 64.8 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 1,516
CurrencyTanzanian shilling
Flag of Tanganyika Tanganyika
Flag of None Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar

The United Republic of Tanzania is a republic in Eastern Africa.


Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.[1]


Tanzania is one of the world's poorest economies in terms of per capita income, however, Tanzania average 7% GDP growth per year between 2000 and 2008 on strong gold production and tourism. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-fourth of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 60% of the work force. The World Bank, the IMF, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's aging economic infrastructure, including rail and port infrastructure that are important trade links for inland countries. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private-sector growth and investment, and the government has increased spending on agriculture to 7% of its budget. Continued donor assistance and solid macroeconomic policies supported a positive growth rate, despite the world recession. In 2008, Tanzania received the world's largest Millennium Challenge Compact grant, worth $698 million. Dar es Salaam used fiscal stimulus and loosened monetary policy to ease the impact of the global recession. GDP growth in 2009-10 was a respectable 6% per year due to high gold prices and increased production.[2]


  • Jakaya Kikwete () (December 21, 2005 - )

Prime Minister

  • Mizengo Pinda () (February 9, 2008 - )


Tanzanian Polities

Eastern African Polities

Neighbouring Nations


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview