FANDOM


Förenade konungarikena Sverige och Norge
De forenede Kongeriger Norge og Sverige

United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway

State union
Union Jack of Sweden-Norway Coat of Arms of Sweden-Norway
Map of Sweden-Norway
Naval Ensign of Sweden Sweden in the union:
Sweden
Flag of Sweden
Flag of Norway 1814 Norway in the union:
Norway
Flag of Norway
RegionScandinavia
CapitalStockholm
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
- 1814-1818Charles XIII
- 1818-1844Charles XIV John
- 1844-1859Oscar I
- 1859-1872Charles XV
- 1872-1905Oscar II
Viceroy of Norway
- 1814Crown Prince Charles John
- 1814-1816Authority delegated to Governor-General
- 1816Crown Prince Charles John
- 1816-1824Authority delegated to Governor-General
- 1824Crown Prince Oscar
- 1824-1829Authority delegated to Governor-General
Governor-General of Norway
- 1814Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz
- 1814Superceded by Viceroy
- 1814-1816Count Hans Henrik von Essen
- 1816Superceded by Viceroy
- 1816-1818Count Carl Carlsson Mörner
- 1818-1824Count Johan August Sandels
Legislature Joint Council of State
History
January 14, 1814 Treaty of Kiel
November 4, 1814Charles XIII elected king of Norway
November 4, 1814Constitution of Norway amended
October 16, 1875Monetary union
June 7, 1905Norway declares independence
August 13, 1905Union dissolved
October 26, 1905Oscar II renounces claims to Norway
Area774,184 km²
Population
- 19057,560,000
 Density9.7/km²
CurrencyKrona/Krone
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The United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway (1814-1905) was a state union between Sweden and Norway. In 1814 Denmark ceded sovereignty of Norway over to Sweden in the Treaty of Kiel. The loss of Finland to Russia, by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn in 1809 fuelled the Swedish demands for compensation, and the Danish defeat in the Napoleonic Wars enabled Sweden to demand Norway as compensation in exchange for Swedish Pomerania (|).

Norway, which had been ruled as an integral part of the Danish kingdom was not eager to switch allegiances and submit to rule from Stockholm instead, and even if an attempt was made to rally the country for political independence it did not have any military resources to speak of and perhaps more importantly no political allies to support such an endeavour. It was thus obliged to accept the union, but not before securing the right to self-government and autonomy within the union. Sweden was the stronger partner in the union, and even if Norway had secured autonomy for itself, the lack of sovereignty and not having the right to maintain its own international relations ultimately spelled the end of the union and it was dissolved in 1905.


Monarch

  • Charles XIII () (November 4, 1814 - February 5, 1818)
  • Charles XIV John () (February 5, 1818 - March 8, 1844)
  • Oscar I () (March 8, 1844 - July 8, 1859)
  • Charles XV () (July 8, 1859 - September 17, 1872)
  • Oscar II () (September 17, 1872 - October 26, 1905)

Viceroy of Norway

  • Crown Prince Charles John () (November 4, 1814 - November 11, 1814)
  • Authority delegated to Governor-General () (November 11, 1814 - August 2, 1816)
  • Crown Prince Charles John () (August 2, 1816 - August 5, 1816)
  • Authority delegated to Governor-General () (August 5, 1816 - April 11, 1824)
  • Crown Prince Oscar () (April 11, 1824 - November 1, 1824)
  • Authority delegated to Governor-General () (November 1, 1824 - December 6, 1829)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (December 6, 1829 - July 20, 1833)
  • Crown Prince Oscar () (July 20, 1833 - September 3, 1833)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (September 3, 1833 - September 19, 1836)
  • Authority delegated to Governor-General () (September 19, 1836 - August 27, 1840)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (August 27, 1840 - May 5, 1841)
  • Authority delegated to Governor-General () (May 5, 1841 - February 7, 1856)
  • Crown Prince Charles () (February 7, 1856 - November 11, 1856)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (November 11, 1856 - January 12, 1857)
  • Crown Prince Charles () (January 12, 1857 - May 30, 1857)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (May 30, 1857 - July 21, 1873)
  • Responsibility assumed by the Prime Minister of Norway () (July 21, 1873 - March 19, 1884)
  • Crown Prince Gustaf () (March 19, 1884 - March 26, 1884)
  • Responsibility assumed by the Prime Minister of Norway () (March 26, 1884 - June 30, 1891)

Governor-General of Norway

  • Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz () (October 10, 1814 - November 4, 1814)
  • Superceded by Viceroy () (November 4, 1814 - November 11, 1814)
  • Count Hans Henrik von Essen () (November 11, 1814 - August 2, 1816)
  • Superceded by Viceroy () (August 2, 1816 - August 5, 1816)
  • Count Carl Carlsson Mörner () (August 5, 1816 - October 18, 1818)
  • Count Johan August Sandels () (October 18, 1818 - April 11, 1824)
  • Superceded by Viceroy () (April 11, 1824 - November 1, 1824)
  • Count Johan August Sandels () (November 1, 1824 - November 26, 1827)
  • Count Baltzar von Platen () (November 26, 1827 - December 6, 1829)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (December 6, 1829 - July 20, 1833)
  • Superceded by Viceroy () (July 20, 1833 - September 3, 1833)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (September 3, 1833 - September 19, 1836)
  • Count Herman Wedel-Jarlsberg () (September 19, 1836 - August 27, 1840)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (August 27, 1840 - May 5, 1841)
  • Severin Lövenskiold () (May 5, 1841 - February 7, 1856)
  • Superceded by Viceroy () (February 7, 1856 - November 11, 1856)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (November 11, 1856 - January 12, 1857)
  • Superceded by Viceroy () (January 12, 1857 - May 30, 1857)
  • Responsibility assumed by the First Secretary of State () (May 30, 1857 - July 21, 1873)

Nation

Sweden-Norway

Scandinavian Polities

References


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