Tuaisceart Éireann
Norlin Airlann

Northern Ireland

Constituent country of the ‌United Kingdom
St. Patrick's Saltire 1921–1972 Flag of the United Kingdom
Ulster banner Coat of Arms of Northern Ireland
Map of Northern Ireland
Flag of Ireland Irish Free State (1922) Flag of the United Kingdom
Government Constitutional monarchy
- 1921-1936George V
- 1936Edward VIII
- 1936-1952George VI
- 1952-1972Elizabeth II
- 1921-1945Duke of Abercorn
- 1945-1952Earl Granville
- 1952-1964Lord Wakehurst
- 1964-1968Lord Ersinke
- 1968-1972Lord Grey
Prime minister
- 1921-1940Viscount Craigavon
- 1940-1943John Miller Andrews
- 1943-1963Viscount Brookeborough
- 1963-1969Lord O'Neill
- 1969-1971Lord Moyola
- 1971-1972Lord Faulkner
Legislature Parliament
- Upper houseSenate
- Lower houseHouse of Commons
May 3, 1921Government of Ireland Act
December 6, 1921Anglo-Irish Treaty
December 6, 1922Constitution of the Irish Free State
December 8, 1922Left the Irish Free State
March 30, 1972Temporary Provisions Act
July 18, 1973Northern Ireland Constitution Act
Area13,843 km²
CurrencyPound sterling
St. Patrick's Saltire Ireland Northern Ireland Flag of the United Kingdom

Northern Ireland is a constituent country of the United Kingdom that was established on May 3, 1921. Until March 30, 1972 it enjoyed extensive political autonomy within the United Kingdom.

The Government of Ireland Act divided Ireland into Northern and Southern Ireland. Following the Anglo-Irish Treaty (|) on December 6, 1921 the Irish Free State was established in the south, and the southern part of Ireland eventually became an independent republic.

Northern Ireland enjoyed far reaching autonomy with its own Parliament, with both Senate and House of Commons. The monarch was represented by a governor who gave royal assent to new legislation in a separate Privy Council of Northern Ireland.

The system of government continued until March 30, 1972 when it was suspended with the Temporary Provisions Act, and then abolished by the Northern Ireland Constitution Act on July 18, 1973.

Government Edit

Ireland, with the exception of six northern counties, gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1921. Northern Ireland had its own Parliament and prime minister from 1921 to 1973, when the British Government imposed direct rule in order to deal with the deteriorating political and security situation. From 1973, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, based in London (|), was responsible for the region, including efforts to resolve the issues that lay behind the "the troubles."[1]

Events Edit

  • Government of Ireland Act (May 3, 1921)
  • Anglo-Irish Treaty (December 6, 1921)
  • Constitution of the Irish Free State (December 6, 1922)
  • Left the Irish Free State (December 8, 1922)
  • Temporary Provisions Act (March 30, 1972)
  • Northern Ireland Constitution Act (July 18, 1973)


British Polities in Ireland


  1. The United States Department of State - Background Note: United Kingdom

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