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République togolaise
Togolese Republic

Flag of Togo Coat of Arms of Togo
Motto
Travail, Liberté, Patrie
Work, Liberty, Homeland
Anthem
Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux
Hail to thee, land of our forefathers
Map of Togo
CapitalLomé
Government Presidential republic
President
- From 2005Faure Gnassingbé
Prime Minister
- From 2008Gilbert Houngbo
Legislature Parliament
History
April 27, 1960Independence
Area56,785 km²
Population
- 20096,619,000
 Density116.5/km²
GDP2009 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 5.4 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 826
CurrencyCFA franc
Flag of None Republic of Togo
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The Togolese Republic is a presidential republic in Western Africa.


Background

French Togoland became Togo in 1960. Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA, installed as military ruler in 1967, ruled Togo with a heavy hand for almost four decades. Despite the facade of multiparty elections instituted in the early 1990s, the government was largely dominated by President EYADEMA, whose Rally of the Togolese People (RPT) party has maintained power almost continually since 1967 and maintains a majority of seats in today's legislature. Upon EYADEMA's death in February 2005, the military installed the president's son, Faure GNASSINGBE, and then engineered his formal election two months later. Democratic gains since then allowed Togo to hold its first relatively free and fair legislative elections in October 2007. After years of political unrest and condemnation from international organizations for human rights abuses, Togo is finally being re-welcomed into the international community.[1]

Economy

This small, sub-Saharan economy suffers from anemic economic growth and depends heavily on both commercial and subsistence agriculture, which provides employment for 65% of the labor force. Some basic foodstuffs must still be imported. Cocoa, coffee, and cotton generate about 40% of export earnings with cotton being the most important cash crop. Togo is the world's fourth-largest producer of phosphate. The government's decade-long effort, supported by the World Bank and the IMF, to implement economic reform measures, encourage foreign investment, and bring revenues in line with expenditures has moved slowly. Progress depends on follow through on privatization, increased openness in government financial operations, progress toward legislative elections, and continued support from foreign donors. Togo is on track with its IMF Extended Credit Facility and reached a HIPC debt relief completion point in 2010 at which 95% of the country's debt was forgiven. Economic growth prospects remain marginal due to declining cotton production and underinvestment in phosphate mining.[2]

President

  • Faure Gnassingbé () (May 4, 2005 - )


Prime Minister

  • Gilbert Houngbo () (September 8, 2008 - )

Nation

Togolese Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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