Tanzania is a nation in Africa. Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.
- German East Africa
- Mandate of Tanganyika (1922-1946)
- Territory of Tanganyika (1946-1961)
- Tanganyika (1961-1962)
- Republic of Tanganyika (1962-1964)
- United Republic of Tanzania (From 1964)
- ↑ The CIA World Factbook