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بروني دارالسلام
Negara Brunei Darussalam

State of Brunei Darussalam

Flag of Brunei Emblem of Brunei
Motto
الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى
Always in service with God's guidance
Anthem
Allah Peliharakan Sultan
God Bless the Sultan
Map of Brunei
CapitalBandar Seri Begawan
Government Constitutional monarchy
Sultan
- From 1984Hassanal Bolkiah
Prime minister
- From 1984Hassanal Bolkiah
History
January 1, 1984End of British Protectorate
Commonwealth accessionJanuary 1, 1984
Area5,765 km²
Population
- 2011401,890
 Density69.7/km²
GDP2011 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 19.6 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 48,891
CurrencyBrunei dollar
Flag of None Protectorate of Brunei
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The State of Brunei Darussalam, or the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace, is a constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.


Background

The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.[1]

Economy

Brunei has a small well-to-do economy that encompasses a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation, welfare measures, and village tradition. Crude oil and natural gas production account for just over half of GDP and more than 90% of exports. Per capita GDP is among the highest in Asia, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic production. The government provides for all medical services and free education through the university level and subsidizes rice and housing. A new monetary authority was established in January 2011 with responsibilities that include monetary policy, monitoring of financial institutions, and currency trading activities.[2]

Sultan

  • Hassanal Bolkiah () (January 1, 1984 - )


Prime minister

  • Hassanal Bolkiah () (January 1, 1984 - )

Nation

Malay Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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