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Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia

Sovereign base areas of the ‌United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom Lesser Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
Anthem
God Save the Queen
Administrative Map of Cyprus
Cyprus Flag of Northern Cyprus
Flag of the United Nations
CapitalEpiskopi
Status Sovereign base areas
Administrator
- From 2008Jamie Gordon
History
August 16, 1960Treaty of Establishment
Area254 km²
Population
- 201014,500
 Density57/km²
CurrencyEuro
Flag of None British Cyprus
v

The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia are two military bases that were retained by the United Kingdom as part of its sovereign territory when the Republic of Cyprus gained independence in 1960. Even if both Cyprus and the United Kingdom are members of the European Union, the base areas technically remain outside the EU. Besides British military personnel and their families, only Cypriot nationals are allowed residence on the base areas. Cypriot nationals residing inside the base areas gained rights as citizens of the Republic of Cyprus, when it was established in 1960.


Background

By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the United Kingdom retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The southernmost and smallest is the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Western Sovereign Base Area. The larger is the Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area.[1]

Economy

Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Dhekelia. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.[2]

Administrator

  • Jamie Gordon () (October 16, 2008 - )



Nation

British Overseas Territories

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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