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Scotland

Constituent country of the ‌United Kingdom
Flag of Scotland Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom in Scotland
Motto
In My Defens God Me Defend
Map of Scotland
CapitalEdinburgh
Government Devolved constituent country and parliamentary democracy
Prince and Great Steward
- From 1952Charles
First minister
- From 2007Jack McConnell
Legislature Scottish Parliament
History
May 29, 1660 Restoration
May 1, 1707Act of Union
January 1, 1801United Kingdom
May 12, 1999Scottish Parliament
Area78,772 km²
Population
- 20015,062,011
 Density64.2/km²
GDP2001 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 200.8 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 39,680
CurrencyPound sterling
NUTS RegionUKM
Flag of Scotland Scotland
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Scotland is a constituent country (|) of the United Kingdom. It's role was established when the kingdoms of Scotland and England were united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain on May 1, 1707, and on January 1, 1801 it became a part of the United Kingdom.

Like Wales and Northern Ireland Scotland has its own regional legislature and government. The Scottish Parliament was established on May 12, 1999. England does not have a regional legislature or government.

Government Edit

The United Kingdom does not have a written constitution. The equivalent body of law is based on statute, common law, and "traditional rights." Changes may come about formally through new acts of Parliament, informally through the acceptance of new practices and usage, or by judicial precedents. Although Parliament has the theoretical power to make or repeal any law, in actual practice the weight of 700 years of tradition restrains arbitrary actions.

Executive power rests nominally with the monarch but actually is exercised by a committee of ministers (cabinet) traditionally selected from among the members of the House of Commons and, to a lesser extent, the House of Lords. The prime minister is normally the leader of the largest party in the Commons, and the government is dependent on its support.

Parliament represents the entire country. It legislates for the entire country in matters that are not devolved to the legislatures in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, such as foreign policy, energy policy, immigration and border control, and monetary policy. The devolved legislatures in Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales have varying degrees of legislative authority over other matters. England does not have its own separate legislative body and Parliament can therefore legislate in all fields for England.[1]

See alsoEdit

References Edit

  1. The United States Department of State - Background Note: United Kingdom

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