Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Overseas Territory of the ‌United Kingdom
Flag of Saint Helena Coat of Arms of Saint Helena
Loyal and Unshakeable(St. Helena)
Our faith is our strength(Tristan da Cunha)
God Save the Queen
Map of Saint Helena
Status Overseas Territory
- From 1952Elizabeth II
- From 2011Andrew Gurr
Legislature Parliament
September 1, 2009Established
Area420 km²
- 20085,661
CurrencySaint Helena pound
Flag of None Saint Helena
Flag of None Ascension Islands
Flag of None Tristan da Cunha

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, located in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean.


Saint Helena is a British Overseas Territory consisting of Saint Helena and Ascension Islands, and the island group of Tristan da Cunha.

Saint Helena Uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese in 1502, Saint Helena was garrisoned by the British during the 17th century. It acquired fame as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's exile from 1815 until his death in 1821, but its importance as a port of call declined after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. During the Anglo-Boer War in South Africa, several thousand Boer prisoners were confined on the island between 1900 and 1903

Ascension Island This barren and uninhabited island was discovered and named by the Portuguese in 1503. The British garrisoned the island in 1815 to prevent a rescue of Napoleon from Saint Helena. It served as a provisioning station for the Royal Navy's West Africa Squadron on anti-slavery patrol. The island remained under Admiralty control until 1922, when it became a dependency of Saint Helena. During World War II, the UK permitted the US to construct an airfield on Ascension in support of trans-Atlantic flights to Africa and anti-submarine operations in the South Atlantic. In the 1960s the island became an important space tracking station for the US. In 1982, Ascension was an essential staging area for British forces during the Falklands War. It remains a critical refueling point in the air-bridge from the UK to the South Atlantic.

Tristan da Cunha The island group consists of the islands of Tristan da Cunha, Nightingale, Inaccessible, and Gough. Tristan da Cunha is named after its Portuguese discoverer (1506); it was garrisoned by the British in 1816 to prevent any attempt to rescue Napoleon from Saint Helena. Gough and Inaccessible Islands have been designated World Heritage Sites. South Africa leases a site for a meteorological station on Gough Island.[1]


The economy depends largely on financial assistance from the UK, which amounted to about $27 million in FY06/07 or more than twice the level of annual budgetary revenues. The local population earns income from fishing, raising livestock, and sales of handicrafts. Because there are few jobs, 25% of the work force has left to seek employment on Ascension Island, on the Falklands, and in the UK.[2]


  • Elizabeth II () (February 6, 1952 - )


  • Andrew Gurr () (January 1, 2011 - )


British Overseas Territories


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview