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الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية
República Árabe Saharaui Democrática

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

Partially recognized state
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Emblem of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Motto
حرية ديمقراطية وحدة
Liberty, Democracy, Unity
Anthem
Yābaniy Es-Saharā
O Sons of the Sahara listen
Map of West Sahara
CapitalTindouf Camps
Government Republic
President
- From 2011Mohamed Abdelaziz
Prime Minister
- From 2011Abdelkader Taleb Oumar
Legislature Parliament
History
November 14, 1975 Independence from Spain
February 27, 1976Proclaimed
Area266,000 km²
Population
- September 2010502,585
 Density1.8/km²
GDPSeptember 2010 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 1.2 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 2,500
CurrencySahrawi Peseta
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Western Sahara
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The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara) is a partially recognized state in Northern Africa. The territory of Western Sahara is under military occupation of Marocco (|), and the government is based in Algeria.


Background

Morocco annexed the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara) in 1976 and claimed the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania's withdrawal. A guerrilla war with the Polisario Front contesting Morocco's sovereignty ended in a 1991 UN-brokered cease-fire; a UN-organized referendum on the territory's final status has been repeatedly postponed. The UN since 2007 has sponsored intermittent talks between representatives of the Government of Morocco and the Polisario Front to negotiate the status of Western Sahara. Morocco has put forward an autonomy proposal for the territory, which would allow for some local administration while maintaining Moroccan sovereignty. The Polisario, with Algeria's support, demands a popular referendum that includes the option of independence.[1]

Economy

Western Sahara has a small market-based economy whose main industries are fishing, phosphate mining, and pastoral nomadism. The territory's arid desert climate makes sedentary agriculture difficult, and Western Sahara imports much of its food. The Moroccan Government administers Western Sahara's economy and is a source of employment, infrastructure development, and social spending in the territory. Western Sahara's unresolved legal status makes the exploitation of its natural resources a contentious issue between Morocco and the Polisario. Morocco and the EU in July 2006 signed a four-year agreement allowing European vessels to fish off the coast of Morocco, including the disputed waters off the coast of Western Sahara. Oil has never been found in Western Sahara in commercially significant quantities, but Morocco and the Polisario have quarreled over who has the right to authorize and benefit from oil exploration in the territory. Western Sahara's main long-term economic challenge is the development of a more diverse set of industries capable of providing greater employment and income to the territory.[2]

President

  • Mohamed Abdelaziz () (January 1, 2011 - )


Prime Minister

  • Abdelkader Taleb Oumar () (January 1, 2011 - )

Nation

Sahrawi Polities

Sahrawi Nations

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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