Republic of The Gambia

Flag of the Gambia Coat of Arms of the Gambia
Progress, Peace, Prosperity
For The Gambia Our Homeland
Map of the Gambia
Senegambia (1982-89)
Government Presidential republic
- From 1994Yahya Jammeh
Legislature National Assembly
February 18, 1965 Independence
April 24, 1970Republic declared
Commonwealth accessionFebruary 18, 1965
Area10,380 km²
- 20091,705,000
GDP2009 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 3.4 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 2,018
Flag of the Gambia Gambia

The Republic of The Gambia is a presidential republic in Western Africa.


The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2006.[1]


The Gambia has sparse natural resource deposits and a limited agricultural base, and relies in part on remittances from workers overseas and tourist receipts. About three-quarters of the population depends on the agricultural sector for its livelihood. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides. The Gambia's natural beauty and proximity to Europe has made it one of the larger markets for tourism in West Africa, boosted by government and private sector investments in eco-tourism and upscale facilities. In the past few years, The Gambia's re-export trade - traditionally a major segment of economic activity - has declined, but its banking sector has grown rapidly. Unemployment and underemployment rates remain high; economic progress depends on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management, and on continued technical assistance from multilateral and bilateral donors. The quality of fiscal management, however, is weak. The government has promised to raise civil service wages over the next two years and the deficit is projected to worsen.[2]


  • Yahya Jammeh () (July 22, 1994 - )


Gambian Polities

Neighbouring Nations


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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