Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон
სამხრეთი ოსეთი

Republic of South Ossetia

Breakaway state of ‌Georgia
Flag of South Ossetia Coat of Arms of South Ossetia
National Anthem of South Ossetia
Polities in Georgia
Government Republic
- From 2001Eduard Kokoity
Prime Minister
- From 2009Vadim Brovtsev
November 28, 1991Declared
August 26, 2008Recognized by Russia
Area3,900 km²
- 200772,000
CurrencyRussian ruble
Flag of None South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast

The Republic of South Ossetia is a Georgian breakaway state in the Caucasus, with limited international recognition. In the north it borders to the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, a federal subject of the Russian Federation.


Progress on market reforms and democratization has been made in the years since independence, but this progress has been complicated by Russian assistance and support to the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. After a series of Russian and separatist provocations in summer 2008, Georgian military action in South Ossetia in early August led to a Russian military response that not only occupied the breakaway areas, but large portions of Georgia proper as well. Russian troops pulled back from most occupied Georgian territory, but in late August 2008 Russia unilaterally recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. This action was strongly condemned by most of the world's nations and international organizations.[1]


  • Eduard Kokoity () (December 18, 2001 - )

Prime Minister

  • Vadim Brovtsev () (August 5, 2009 - )


Georgian Polities

Neighbouring Nations


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background