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Ribaberiki Kiribati
Republic of Kiribati

Flag of Kiribati Coat of Arms of Kiribati
Motto
Te Mauri, Te Raoi ao Te Tabomoa
Health, Peace and Prosperity
Anthem
Teirake Kaini Kiribati
Stand up, Kiribati
Map of Kiribati
CapitalTarawa
Government Republic and parliamentary
President
- From 2003Anote Tong
Legislature House of Assembly
History
July 12, 1979Independence
Commonwealth accessionJuly 12, 1979
Area811 km²
Population
- 2010103,500
 Density127.6/km²
GDP2010 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 0.6 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 6,209
CurrencyKiribati dollar
Australian dollar
Flag of Gilbert and Ellice Islands Gilbert and Ellice Islands
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The Republic of Kiribati is a parliamentary republic in Micronesia.


Background

The Gilbert Islands became a British protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915; they were captured by the Japanese in the Pacific War in 1941. The islands of Makin and Tarawa were the sites of major US amphibious victories over entrenched Japanese garrisons in 1943. The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.[1]

Economy

A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few natural resources and is one of the least developed Pacific Islands. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP. Private sector initiatives and a financial sector are in the early stages of development. Foreign financial aid from the EU, UK, US, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, UN agencies, and Taiwan accounts for 20-25% of GDP. Remittances from seamen on merchant ships abroad account for more than $5 million each year. Kiribati receives around $15 million annually for the government budget from an Australian trust fund.[2]

President

  • Anote Tong () (July 10, 2003 - )



Nation

Kiribati Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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