Principatu de Múnegu
Principauté de Monaco

Principality of Monaco

Flag of Monaco Coat of Arms of Monaco
Deo Juvante
With God's Help
Hymne Monégasque
Map of Monaco
Government Constitutional monarchy
- From 2005Albert II
Minister of State
- From 2010Michel Roger
Legislature National Council
- 1297House of Grimaldi
- 1911Constitution
Area2.02 km²
- 201030,586
GDP2010 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 4.8 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 159,811

The Principality of Monaco is a constitutional monarchy in Southern Europe.


The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family first seized temporary control in 1297, and again in 1331, but were not able to permanently secure their holding until 1419. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.[1]


Monaco, bordering France on the Mediterranean coast, is a popular resort, attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate. The principality also is a major banking center and has successfully sought to diversify into services and small, high-value-added, nonpolluting industries. The state has no income tax and low business taxes and thrives as a tax haven both for individuals who have established residence and for foreign companies that have set up businesses and offices. Monaco, however, is not a tax-free shelter; it charges nearly 20% value-added tax, collects stamp duties, and companies face a 33% tax on profits unless they can show that three-quarters of profits are generated within the principality. Monaco was formally removed from the OECD's "grey list" of uncooperative tax jurisdictions in late 2009, but continues to face international pressure to abandon its banking secrecy laws and help combat tax evasion. The state retains monopolies in a number of sectors, including tobacco, the telephone network, and the postal service. Living standards are high, roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan areas.[2]


  • Albert II () (April 6, 2005 - )

Minister of State

  • Michel Roger () (March 29, 2010 - )


Neighbouring Nations


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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