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Regno d'Italia
Kingdom of Italy

Flag of the Italian Social Republic
Flag of the Kingdom of Italy
1945–1946 Flag of the Italian Republic
Flag of None
Flag of the Kingdom of Italy Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Italy
Motto
FERT FERT FERT
Anthem
Marcia Reale
Map of the Kingdom of Italy
CapitalRome
Government Constitutional monarchy
King
- 1945-1946Victor Emmanuel III
- 1946Umberto II
Regent
- 1945-1946Prince Umberto
Prime Minister
- 1945Ivanoe Bonomi
- 1945Ferruccio Parri
- 1945-1946Alcide De Gasperi
Legislature Parliament
- Upper houseSenate
- Lower houseChamber of Deputies
History
September 3, 1943 Armistice with the Allies
May 2, 1945Surrender of German Forces in Italy
June 2, 1946Constitutional referendum
Area310,196 km²
Population
- 193642,994,000
 Density138.6/km²
CurrencyItalian lira
Flag of the Italian Social Republic Salò Republic
Flag of the Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Italy
Italian Republic Flag of the Italian Republic
Free Territory of Trieste Flag of None
v

The Kingdom of Italy (1945-1946) represents a period that meant the final days of the Italian monarchy, and the first year of peace for Italy after World War II. Victor Emmanuel III was still king, but his son Prince Umberto had acted as regent since 1944. On May 9, 1946 he acceded to the throne as Umberto II, but his reign was cut short by the referendum on the future Italian constitution, which came out in favour of a republic.

Government Edit

Italy allied with Germany and declared war on the United Kingdom and France in 1940. In 1941, Italy--with the other Axis powers, Germany and Japan--declared war on the United States and the Soviet Union. Following the Allied invasion of Sicily in 1943, the King dismissed Mussolini and appointed Marshal Pietro Badoglio as Premier. The Badoglio government declared war on Germany, which quickly occupied most of the country and freed Mussolini, who led a brief-lived regime in the north. An anti-fascist popular resistance movement grew during the last two years of the war, harassing German forces before they were driven out in April 1945. A 1946 plebiscite ended the monarchy, and a constituent assembly was elected to draw up plans for the republic.[1]

King Edit

  • Victor Emmanuel III (May 2, 1945 - May 9, 1946)
  • Umberto II (May 9, 1946 - June 2, 1946)

Lieutenant-General of the RealmEdit

  • Prince Umberto (May 2, 1945 - June 2, 1946)

Prime MinisterEdit

  • Ivanoe Bonomi (May 2, 1945 - June 21, 1945)
  • Ferruccio Parri (June 21, 1945 - December 10, 1945)
  • Alcide De Gasperi (December 10, 1945 - June 2, 1946)

Nation

Italian Polities

Neighbouring Nations


References

  1. The United States Department of State - Background Note Italy

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