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Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
Kingdom of Tonga

Flag of Tonga Coat of Arms of Tonga
Motto
Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa
God and Tonga are my Inheritance
Anthem
Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga
The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands
Map of Tonga
CapitalNukuʻalofa
Government Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
King
- From 2006George Tupou V
Prime Minister
- From 2010Lord Tuʻivakanō
Legislature Legislative Assembly
History
June 4, 1970Indpendence
Commonwealth accessionJune 4, 1970
Area748 km²
Population
- 2010104,000
 Density139/km²
GDP2010 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 0.7 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 7,060
CurrencyTongan pa'anga
Flag of None British Western Pacific Territories
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The Kingdom of Tonga is a constitutional monarchy in Polynesia.


Background

Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.[1]

Economy

Tonga has a small, open, South Pacific island economy. It has a narrow export base in agricultural goods. Squash, vanilla beans, and yams are the main crops. Agricultural exports, including fish, make up two-thirds of total exports. The country must import a high proportion of its food, mainly from New Zealand. The country remains dependent on external aid and remittances from Tongan communities overseas to offset its trade deficit. Tourism is the second-largest source of hard currency earnings following remittances. Tonga had 39,000 visitors in 2006. The government is emphasizing the development of the private sector, especially the encouragement of investment, and is committing increased funds for health and education. Tonga has a reasonably sound basic infrastructure and well developed social services. High unemployment among the young, a continuing upturn in inflation, pressures for democratic reform, and rising civil service expenditures are major issues facing the government.[2]

King

  • George Tupou V () (September 11, 2006 - )


Prime Minister

  • Lord Tuʻivakanō () (December 22, 2010 - )

Nation

Tongan Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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