Kingdom of Scotland

Flag of the Commonwealth 1286–1707 Flag of Great Britain
Flag of Scotland
Flag of Scotland Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland
In My Defens God Me Defend
Location of Scotland
Commonwealth (1649-1660)
Government Monarchy
- 1660-1685Charles II
- 1685-1689James II
- 1689-1695Mary II
- 1695-1702William III
- 1702-1714Anne
Legislature Parliament
March 18, 1286Established
March 24, 1603Personal Union with England
May 19, 1649Monarchy abolished in England
May 14, 1654Union with England
May 29, 1660Monarchy restored
May 1, 1707Act of Union
Area178,772 km²
- 17001,000,000
CurrencyPound Scots
Flag of the Commonwealth Commonwealth Great Britain Flag of Great Britain
Scotland Flag of Scotland

The Kingdom of Scotland (1660-1707) represented a restoration of the monarchy to Scotland following the period of the interregnum, when the country was ruled as part of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland under Oliver Cromwell. Charles II was restored as monarch in 1660 and reigned until 1685. In 1707 it was united with England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

History Edit

While maintaining separate parliaments, England and Scotland were ruled under one crown beginning in 1603, when James VI of Scotland succeeded his cousin Elizabeth I as James I of England. In the ensuing 100 years, strong religious and political differences divided the kingdoms. Finally, in 1707, England and Scotland were unified as Great Britain, sharing a single Parliament at Westminster.

Ireland's invasion by the Anglo-Normans in 1170 led to centuries of strife. Successive English kings sought to conquer Ireland. In the early 17th century, large-scale settlement of the north from Scotland and England began. After its defeat, Ireland was subjected, with varying degrees of success, to control and regulation by Britain.[1]

King of Scotland Edit

  • Charles II (May 29, 1660 - February 6, 1685)
  • James II (February 6, 1685 - February 22, 1689)
  • Mary II (February 22, 1689 - January 7, 1695)
  • William III (February 22, 1689 - March 19, 1702)
  • Anne (March 19, 1702 - May 1, 1707)

See alsoEdit


  1. The United States Department of State - Background Note: United Kingdom