FANDOM


Kongeriget Norge
Kingdom of Norway

Unrecognized state
Flag of None
Flag of None
1814 Union Jack of Sweden-Norway
Union Flag of Norway
Flag of Norway 1814 Coat of Arms of Norway (1733)
Motto
Gud og fædrelandet
God and the fatherland
Anthem
Norges Skaal
Norway's Toast
Map of Norway (proper)
CapitalChristiania
Government Constitutional monarchy
King
- 1814Christian Frederik
First Minister
- 1814Frederik Gottschalck von Haxthausen
Legislature Storting
History
January 14, 1814 Treaty of Kiel
February 16, 1814Notable meeting
May 17, 1814Constitution
August 14, 1814Convention of Moss
November 4, 1814Charles II elected king
Population
- 1814885,000
CurrencyNorwegian rigsbankdaler
Flag of None Denmark–Norway
Flag of None Kingdom of Norway (Denmark–Norway)
Sweden-Norway Union Jack of Sweden-Norway
Norway Union Flag of Norway
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The Kingdom of Norway (1814) was an unrecognized state in Northern Europe.

HistoryEdit

After a union of nearly 400 years between Norway and Denmark, the Danish king, Frederick VI., without consulting the Norwegians, ceded Norway to Sweden by the treaty of Kiel (January 14, 1814). Some time previously Sweden had joined the allies in their struggle against Napoleon, while Denmark had, unwisely, sided with the French. In 1813 the Swedish crown prince, Bernadotte, afterwards King Carl XIV., proceeded to Germany and took command of one of the armies of the allies. After the power of Napoleon had been broken he was elected heir to the Swedish throne, in succession to the childless king Carl XIII, who died in 1818.

After the battle of Leipzig, he advanced against Denmark, and King Frederick soon saw himself compelled to accede to the cession of Norway, which had long been the aspiration of the Swedes, especially after the loss of Finland in 1809. In the treaty of Kiel Frederick VI. absolved the Norwegians from their oath of allegiance, and called upon them to become the loyal subjects of the Swedish king. But the Norwegians, who had not been consulted in the matter, refused to acknowledge the treaty, declaring that, while the Danish king might renounce his right to the Norwegian crown, it was contrary to international law to dispose of an entire kingdom without the consent of its people. A meeting of delegates was convened at Eidsvold, not far from the Norwegian capital, where, on the 17th of May 1814, a constitution, framed upon the constitutions of United States, of France, and of Spain, was adopted. Among its most important features are that the Storthing, or National Assembly, is a single-chamber institution, and that the king is not given an absolute veto, or the right to dissolve the Storthing. The Danish governor of Norway, Prince Christian Frederick, was unanimously elected king. Soon afterwards the Swedes, under the crown prince, invaded Norway. The hostilities lasted only a fortnight, when Bernadotte opened negotiations with the Norwegians. A convention was held at Moss, where it was proposed that the Norwegians should accept the Swedish king as their sovereign, on the condition that their constitution of the 17th of May should remain intact, except with such alterations as the union might render necessary. An extraordinary Storthing was then summoned at Christiania, and on the 4th of November 1814 Norway was declared to be "a free, independent, and indivisible kingdom, united with Sweden under one king." A month previously Prince Christian Frederick had laid down his crown and left the country.[1]


King

  • Christian Frederik () (February 16, 1814 - August 14, 1814)


First Minister

  • Frederik Gottschalck von Haxthausen () (February 16, 1814 - August 14, 1814)

Nation

Norwegian Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.)

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