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Italia
Italy

Flag of the Italian Republic
History
March 17, 1861Proclamation in Turin
NUTS RegionIT
Flag of None Kingdom of Sardinia
Flag of None Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Flag of None Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia
Flag of the Pontifical States Papal States
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Italy is a nation in Europe. Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy was a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include illegal immigration, organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, sluggish economic growth, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the prosperous north.[1]

Italian Polities

Neighbouring Nations


References

  1. The CIA World Factbook

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