Repubblica Sociale Italiana
Italian Social Republic

Client state of ‌Germany
Flag of the Kingdom of Italy 1943–1945 Flag of the Kingdom of Italy
Flag of the Italian Social Republic Coat of Arms of the Italian Social Republic
Il Canto degli Italiani
Location of the Italian Social Republic
Allied Occupation:
Kingdom of Italy
Government Republic and fascist corporativism
- 1943-1945Benito Mussolini
German plenipotentiary
- 1943-1945Rudolf Rahn
July 25, 1943 Mussolini deposed
September 18, 1943Established
April 28, 1945Death of Mussolini
May 2, 1945Surrender of German Forces in Italy
Flag of the Kingdom of Italy Fascist Italy Kingdom of Italy Flag of the Kingdom of Italy

The Italian Social Republic (1943-1945) was a puppet state created by Germany in northern Italy after that country had signed an armistice with the Allies and switched sides in World War II (|). It was lead by Benito Mussolini (|) as both head of state (|) and head of government (|), under the title of "Il Duce". The Kingdom of Italy continued to exist in southern Italy in the territory liberated by the Allies.

Government Edit

Italy allied with Germany and declared war on the United Kingdom and Vichy France in 1940. In 1941, Italy - with the other Axis powers, Germany and Imperial Japan - declared war on the United States and the Soviet Union. Following the Allied invasion of Sicily (|) in 1943, the King dismissed Mussolini and appointed Marshal Pietro Badoglio as Premier. The Badoglio government declared war on Germany, which quickly occupied most of the country and freed Mussolini, who led a brief-lived regime in the north. An anti-fascist popular resistance movement grew during the last two years of the war, harassing German forces before they were driven out in April 1945.[1]


Italian Polities

Neighbouring Nations


  1. The United States Department of State - Background Note Italy