Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
Independent State of Samoa

Flag of Samoa Coat of Arms of Samoa
Fa'avae i le Atua Samoa
The Banner of Freedom
Map of Samoa
RegionSamoan Islands
Government Republic and parliamentary democracy
O le Ao o le Malo
- From 2007Tufuga Efi
Prime Minister
- From 1998Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
Legislature Fono
January 1, 1962Independence
Commonwealth accessionAugust 28, 1970
Area2,831 km²
- 2009179,000
GDP2009 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 1 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 5,782
Flag of None Western Samoa

The Independent State of Samoa is a parliamentary democracy in Polynesia.


New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.[1]


The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. Tourism is an expanding sector accounting for 25% of GDP; 122,000 tourists visited the islands in 2007. In late September 2009, an earthquake and the resulting tsunami severely damaged Samoa, and nearby American Samoa, disrupting transportation and power generation, and resulting in about 200 deaths. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, while at the same time protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.[2]

O le Ao o le Malo

  • Tufuga Efi () (June 20, 2007 - )

Prime Minister

  • Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi () (November 23, 1998 - )


Samoan Polities

Samoan Polities

Neighbouring Nations


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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