FANDOM


République française
French Republic

Flag of France 1946–1958 Flag of France
Flag of Algeria
Flag of France Emblem of the French Republic
Motto
Liberté, égalité, fraternité
Anthem
La Marseillaise
Map of the Fourth French Republic
French Union Flag of France
CapitalParis
Government Republic and parliamentary democracy
President
- 1947-1954Vincent Auriol
- 1954-1958René Coty
Prime Minister
- 1947Paul Ramadier
- 1947-1948Robert Schuman
- 1948André Marie
- 1948Robert Schuman
- 1948-1949Henri Queuille
- 1949-1950Georges Bidault
Legislature National Assembly
History
October 14, 1946Constitution of the Fourth Republic
October 5, 1958Constitution of the Fifth Republic
EU accessionMarch 25, 1957
NATO accessionApril 4, 1949
CurrencyFranc
Flag of France Provisional Government Fifth Republic Flag of France
Algeria Flag of Algeria
v

The Fourth French Republic (1946-1958) represented the re-establishment of the French republic after World War II (|). An integral part of the political structure was the French Union under which the states of the French colonial empire (|) gained a certain level of autonomy under French leadership.

Government Edit

France emerged from World War II to face a series of new problems. After a short period of provisional government initially led by Gen. Charles de Gaulle (), the Fourth Republic was set up by a new constitution and established as a parliamentary form of government controlled by a series of coalitions. French military involvement in both Indochina (|) and Algeria combined with the mixed nature of the coalitions and a consequent lack of agreement caused successive cabinet crises and changes of government.

Finally, on May 13, 1958, the government structure collapsed as a result of the tremendous opposing pressures generated by 4 years of war with Algeria. A threatened coup led the Parliament to call on General de Gaulle to head the government and prevent civil war. Marking the beginning of the Fifth Republic, he became prime minister in June 1958 and was elected president in December of that year.[1]


President

  • Vincent Auriol () (January 16, 1947 - January 16, 1954)
  • René Coty () (January 16, 1954 - October 5, 1958)


Prime Minister

  • Paul Ramadier () (January 22, 1947 - November 24, 1947)
  • Robert Schuman () (November 24, 1947 - July 26, 1948)
  • André Marie () (July 26, 1948 - September 5, 1948)
  • Robert Schuman () (September 5, 1948 - September 11, 1948)
  • Henri Queuille () (September 11, 1948 - October 28, 1949)
  • Georges Bidault () (October 28, 1949 - July 2, 1950)
  • Henri Queuille () (July 2, 1950 - July 12, 1950)
  • René Pleven () (July 12, 1950 - March 10, 1951)
  • Henri Queuille () (March 10, 1951 - August 11, 1951)
  • René Pleven () (August 11, 1951 - January 20, 1952)
  • Edgar Faure () (January 20, 1952 - March 8, 1952)
  • Antoine Pinay () (March 8, 1952 - January 8, 1953)
  • René Mayer () (January 8, 1953 - June 27, 1953)
  • Joseph Laniel () (June 27, 1953 - June 18, 1954)
  • Pierre Mendès-France () (June 18, 1954 - February 23, 1955)
  • Edgar Faure () (February 23, 1955 - January 31, 1956)
  • Guy Mollet () (January 31, 1956 - June 12, 1957)
  • Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury () (June 12, 1957 - November 6, 1957)
  • Félix Gaillard () (November 6, 1957 - May 13, 1958)
  • Pierre Pflimlin () (May 13, 1958 - June 1, 1958)
  • Charles de Gaulle () (June 1, 1958 - October 5, 1958)

Nation

French Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. The United States Department of State - Background Note France

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.