FANDOM


European Coal and Steel Community

Intergovernmental organization
Flag of the Bourbon Restoration 1952–2002 Flag of Europe
Flag of ECSC
Map of EU15
Flag of Europe
Flag of Europe
Merger:
European Communities (From 1967)
Flag of Europe
CapitalBrussels
Status Intergovernmental organization
President of the High Authority
- 1952-1955Jean Monnet
- 1955-1958René Mayer
- 1958-1959Paul Finet
- 1959-1963Piero Malvestiti
- 1963-1967Rinaldo Del Bo
Commission President
- 1967-1970Jean Rey
- 1970-1972Franco Malfatti
- 1972-1973Sicco Mansholt
- 1973-1977François-Xavier Ortoli
- 1977-1981Roy Jenkins
- 1981-1985Gaston Thorn
Legislature Legislature
- Upper houseCouncil of Ministers
- Lower houseEuropean Parliament
History
April 18, 1951 Signing
July 23, 1952Established
January 1, 1958Rome Treaty
July 1, 1967Merger Treaty
November 1, 1993Maastricht Treaty
July 23, 2002Treaty Expired
CurrencyEuro
Flag of the Bourbon Restoration Ruhr European Union Flag of Europe
v

The European Coal and Steel Community (1952-2002) was an intergovernmental organization in Western Europe. Upon establishment it assumed authority of the coal and steel production in the six founding member states, including the Ruhr area in West Germany, which was been under the supervision of the International Authority for the Ruhr.

The European Economic Community and Euratom were established in 1957, and while all three organizations had their own separate institutions these were merged into a single structure in 1967. This meant that while they technically they continued to exist separate from each other they were governed as a together a single personality under the name of the European Communities. By the Maastricht Treaty in 1993 the European Communities became part of and expanded institutional framework, as one of three pillars of the European Union.

In 2002 the duration of the 50 year treaty expired and was not renewed. Its assets and responsibilities were taken over by the European Economic Community, as part of the European Union.

Timeline Edit

Signed
In force
Document
1948
1948
Brussels Treaty
1949
1949
London Agreement
1951
1952
Paris Treaty
1954
1955
Modified Brussels Treaty
1957
1958
Rome treaties
1965
1967
Merger Treaty
1975
N/A
European Council conclusion
1985
1985
Schengen Treaty
1986
1987
Single European Act
1992
1993
Maastricht Treaty
1997
1999
Amsterdam Treaty
2001
2003
Nice Treaty
2007
2009
Lisbon Treaty
 
                           
Three pillars of the European Union:  
European Communities: (EC)  
European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)   
Allied Autorities Ruhr Authority (IAR) European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002 European Union (EU)
          European Economic Community (EEC)
        Schengen Area   European Economic Community (EC)
    TREVI Justice and Home Affairs (JHA)  
  Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC)
            European Political Cooperation (EPC) Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
Unconsolidated bodies Western European Union (WEU)    
Treaty terminated in 2011  
                           

References


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