|Constituent country of the United Kingdom|
Dieu et mon droit
|Legislature||Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|- Upper house||House of Lords|
|- Lower house||House of Commons|
|- May 29, 1660||Restoration|
|- May 1, 1707||Act of Union|
|- January 1, 1801||United Kingdom|
|- Total||US$ 1,867.2 billion|
|- Per capita||US$ 38,000|
England is a constituent country of the United Kingdom. It's role was established when the kingdoms of Scotland and England were united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain on May 1, 1707, and in January 1, 1801 it became a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Apart from Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, England is the only constituent country of the United Kingdom that does not have its own regional legislature or government. England is ruled directly by the Parliament of the United Kingdom and the government in London.
The United Kingdom does not have a written constitution. The equivalent body of law is based on statute, common law, and "traditional rights." Changes may come about formally through new acts of Parliament, informally through the acceptance of new practices and usage, or by judicial precedents. Although Parliament has the theoretical power to make or repeal any law, in actual practice the weight of 700 years of tradition restrains arbitrary actions.
Executive power rests nominally with the monarch but actually is exercised by a committee of ministers (cabinet) traditionally selected from among the members of the House of Commons and, to a lesser extent, the House of Lords. The prime minister is normally the leader of the largest party in the Commons, and the government is dependent on its support.
Parliament represents the entire country. It legislates for the entire country in matters that are not devolved to the legislatures in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, such as foreign policy, energy policy, immigration and border control, and monetary policy. The devolved legislatures in Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales have varying degrees of legislative authority over other matters. England does not have its own separate legislative body and Parliament can therefore legislate in all fields for England.
- Kingdom of England (0927-1707)
- Kingdom of Great Britain (1707-1801)
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1927)
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (From 1927)