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大日本帝國
Dai Nippon Teikoku

Great Japanese Empire

Empire
1868–1947
Flag of Japan Imperial Seal of Japan
Motto
八紘一宇
Hakkō ichiu
Universal Brotherhood
Anthem
君が代
Kimigayo
May your reign last forever
Map of the Great Japanese Empire
CapitalTokyo
Government Absolute Monarchy
Emperor
- 1868-1912Emperor Meiji
- 1912-1926Emperor Taishō
- 1926-1947Emperor Shōwa
Prime Minister
- 1946-1947Shigeru Yoshida
Legislature Imperial Diet
- Upper houseHouse of Peers
- Lower houseHouse of Representatives
History
January 3, 1868Meiji Restoration
November 29, 1890Constitution of the Empire of Japan
February 10, 1904Russo-Japanese War
September 2, 1945Surrender of Japan
May 3, 1947Post-war Constitution of Japan
Area675,000 km²
Population
- 193597,770,000
 Density144.8/km²
CurrencyJapanese yen
Flag of None Tokugawa shogunate
Flag of None Ryūkyū Kingdom
Flag of None Republic of Ezo
Flag of None Qing Dynasty
Flag of Russia Russian Empire
Flag of None Korean Empire
Flag of the German Empire German Empire
Occupied Japan E-Pennant
United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands Flag of None
Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China
United States Army Military Government in Korea Flag of None
Soviet Civil Authority Flag of None
Soviet Union Flag of the Soviet Union
Pacific Islands Flag of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
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The Great Japanese Empire (1868-1947) was an absolute monarchy in East Asia.


Background

In 1603, after decades of civil warfare, the Tokugawa shogunate (a military-led, dynastic government) ushered in a long period of relative political stability and isolation from foreign influence. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy a flowering of its indigenous culture. Japan opened its ports after signing the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854 and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and an ally of the US.[1]

Emperor

  • Emperor Meiji () (January 3, 1868 - July 30, 1912)
  • Emperor Taishō () (July 30, 1912 - December 25, 1926)
  • Emperor Shōwa () (December 25, 1926 - May 3, 1947)


Prime Minister

  • Shigeru Yoshida () (May 20, 1946 - May 3, 1947)

Nation

Japanese Polities

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background

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