Česká a Slovenská Federativní/Federatívna Republika
Kde domov můj?
|- 1990-1992||Václav Havel|
|- 1992||January Stráský|
|- 1990-1992||Marián Calfa|
|- 1992||January Stráský|
|- Upper house||Chamber of Nations|
|- Lower house||Chamber of the People|
|- April 23, 1990||Constitutional change|
|- December 31, 1992||Disestablished|
|Czechoslovakia||Czech Republic |
The Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (1990-1993) was a federal republic consisting of the Czech and Slovak constituent republics. In 1993 the Czech Republic and Slovakia became independent states and the federation was dissolved.
By 1992, Slovak calls for greater autonomy effectively blocked the daily functioning of the federal government. In the election of June 1992, Klaus's Civic Democratic Party won handily in the Czech lands on a platform of economic reform. Vladimir Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia emerged as the leading party in Slovakia, basing its appeal on fairness to Slovak demands for autonomy. Federalists, like Havel, were unable to contain the trend toward the split. In July 1992, President Havel resigned. In the latter half of 1992, Klaus and Meciar hammered out an agreement that the two republics would go their separate ways by the end of the year.
Members of the federal parliament, divided along national lines, barely cooperated enough to pass the law officially separating the two nations. The law was passed on December 27, 1992. On January 1, 1993, the Czech Republic and the Republic of Slovakia were simultaneously and peacefully founded.
Relationships between the two states, despite occasional disputes about the division of federal property and governing of the border, have been peaceful. Both states attained immediate recognition from the United States and their European neighbors.
- Václav Havel (₩) (April 23, 1990 - July 20, 1992)
- January Stráský (₩) (July 20, 1992 - December 31, 1992)
- Marián Calfa (₩) (April 23, 1990 - July 1, 1992)
- January Stráský (₩) (July 1, 1992 - December 31, 1992)
- Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938)
- Czecho-Slovak Republic (1938-1939)
- Czechoslovak National Liberation Committee: Government-in-exile (1939-1945)
- Czechoslovak Republic (1945-1948)
- Soviet Union: Communist Czechoslovakia (1948-1960)
- Soviet Union: Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1960-1968)
- Soviet Union: Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1968-1990)
- ↑ The United States Department of State - Background Note Czech Republic
- ↑ The United States Department of State - Background Note Slovak Republic