Solomon Islands

Commonwealth realm
Flag of the Solomon Islands Coat of Arms of the Solomon Islands
To Lead is to Serve
God Save Our Solomon Islands
Map of the Solomon Islands
Government Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary
- From 1978Elizabeth II
Governor General
- 1978-2009Frank Kabui
Prime Minister
- From 2010Danny Philip
Legislature National Parliament
July 7, 1978Independence
Commonwealth accessionJuly 7, 1978
Area28,400 km²
- 2009523,000
GDP2009 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 1.4 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 2,818
CurrencySolomon Islands dollar
Flag of None British Solomon Islands Protectorate

The Solomon Islands is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy in Melanesia. It is also one of the Commonwealth realms.


The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.[1]


The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of RAMSI, severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. RAMSI's efforts to restore law and order and economic stability have led to modest growth as the economy rebuilds.[2]


  • Elizabeth II () (July 7, 1978 - )

Governor General

  • Frank Kabui () (July 7, 1978 - July 7, 2009)

Prime Minister

  • Danny Philip () (August 25, 2010 - )


Solomon Islands Polities

Neighbouring Nations


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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