Commonwealth realm
Flag of None 1968–1992 Flag of Mauritius
Flag of Mauritius Coat of Arms of Mauritius
Stella Clavisque Maris Indici
Star and Key of the Indian Ocean
Map of Mauritius
CapitalPort Louis
Government Constitutional monarchy
- 1968-1992Elizabeth II
- 1986-1992Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo
Prime Minister
- 1982-1992Sir Anerood Jugnauth
Legislature National Assembly
March 12, 1968Established
March 12, 1992Republic
Commonwealth accessionMarch 12, 1968
Area2,040 km²
CurrencyMauritian rupee
Flag of None Colony of Mauritius Mauritius Flag of Mauritius

Mauritius (1968-1992) was a constitutional monarchy off the coast of Eastern Africa. It was also one of the Commonwealth realms.


Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968.[1]


  • Elizabeth II () (March 12, 1968 - March 12, 1992)


  • Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo () (January 17, 1986 - March 12, 1992)

Prime Minister

  • Sir Anerood Jugnauth () (June 16, 1982 - March 12, 1992)


Mauritian Polities

Neighbouring Nations


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background

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