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La Grenade
Grenada

Commonwealth realm
Flag of Grenada Coat of Arms of Grenada
Motto
Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People
Anthem
Hail Grenada
God Save the Queen
Map of Grenada
Revolutionary Government of Grenada (1979-83)
CapitalSt. George's
Government Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
Monarch
- From 1974Elizabeth II
Governor-General
- From 2008Carlyle Glean
Prime Minister
- From 2008Tillman Thomas
Legislature Parliament
- Upper houseSenate
- Lower houseHouse of Representatives
History
February 7, 1974Independence from the United Kingdom
October 25, 1983Invasion of Grenada
Commonwealth accessionFebruary 7, 1974
Area344 km²
Population
- 2005110,000
 Density319.7/km²
GDP2005 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 1.1 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 10,657
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar
Flag of None State of Grenada
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Grenada is a commonwealth realm and a parliamentary democracy in the Caribbean


Background

Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.[1]

Economy

Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector - particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation - which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public debt-to-GDP is nearly 110%, leaving the THOMAS administration limited room to engage in public investments and social spending. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and an offshore financial industry, have also contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth was stagnant in 2010 after a sizeable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown's effects on tourism and remittances.[2]

Monarch

  • Elizabeth II () (February 7, 1974 - )

Governor-General

  • Carlyle Glean () (Nov 27, 2008 - )

Prime Minister

  • Tillman Thomas () (Jul 9, 2008 - )

Nation

Grenadian Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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