Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Unincorporated territory of the ‌United States
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands Seal of the Northern Mariana Islands
Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi
Satil Matawal Pacifiko
Map of the Northern Mariana Islands
CapitalCapital Hill
Government Organized territory
Head of state
- From 2009Barack Obama
- From 2011Benigno R. Fitial
Legislature Legislature
- Upper houseSenate
- Lower houseHouse of Representatives
January 9, 1978Established
November 4, 1986Trust territory dissolved
December 22, 1990Security Council ratifies termination of trusteeship
Area463.63 km²
- 200777,000
CurrencyUnited States dollar
Flag of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Pacific Islands

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands is an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, located in Micronesia.


Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975, and came into force on 24 March 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.[1]


The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. The key tourist industry employs about 50% of the work force and accounts for roughly one-fourth of GDP. Japanese tourists predominate. Annual tourist entries have exceeded one-half million in recent years, but financial difficulties in Japan have caused a temporary slowdown. The agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons. Garment production is by far the most important industry with the employment of 17,500 mostly Chinese workers and sizable shipments to the US under duty and quota exemptions.[2]

Head of state

  • Barack Obama () (January 20, 2009 - )


  • Benigno R. Fitial () (January 3, 2011 - )


United States Unincorporated Territories


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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