FANDOM


Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Unincorporated territory of the ‌United States
Flag of Puerto Rico Coat of Arms of Puerto Rico
Motto
Joannes Est Nomen Eius
Anthem
La Borinqueña
Map of Puerto Rico
CapitalSan Juan
Government Organized territory
Head of state
- From 2009Barack Obama
Governor
- From 2009Luis Fortuño
Legislature Legislative Assembly
- Upper houseSenate
- Lower houseHouse of Representatives
History
March 2, 1917 U.S. Territory
July 25, 1952Established
July 23, 1967Referendum on U.S. statehood
November 14, 1993Referendum on U.S. statehood
December 13, 1998Referendum on U.S. statehood
Area9,104 km²
Population
- 20103,725,789
 Density409.2/km²
GDP2010 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 73 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 19,600
CurrencyUnited States dollar
v

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, located in the Caribbean.


Background

Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Christopher COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly-elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status with the US.[1]

Economy

Puerto Rico has one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region, however, growth has been negative for the past four years, and unemployment has risen to nearly 16% in 2011. The industrial sector has surpassed agriculture as the primary locus of economic activity and income. Mainland US firms have invested heavily in Puerto Rico since the 1950s. US minimum wage laws apply. Sugar production has lost out to dairy production and other livestock products as the main source of income in the agricultural sector. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income with estimated arrivals of more than 3.6 million tourists in 2008. Closing the budget deficit while restoring economic growth and employment remain the central concerns of the government.[2]

Head of state

  • Barack Obama () (January 20, 2009 - )


Governor

  • Luis Fortuño () (January 2, 2009 - )

Nation

United States Unincorporated Territories

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.