Commonwealth de la Dominique
Commonwealth of Dominica

Flag of Dominica Coat of Arms of Dominica
Après Bondie, C'est La Ter
After God is the Earth
Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour
Map of Dominica
Government Republic and parliamentary
- From 2003Nicholas Liverpool
Prime Minister
- From 2004Roosevelt Skerrit
Legislature House of Assembly
November 3, 1978Independence from the United Kingdom
Commonwealth accessionNovember 3, 1978
Area750 km²
- July 200972,660
GDPJuly 2009 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 0.7 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 10,415
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar
Flag of None State of Dominica

The Commonwealth of Dominica is a parliamentary republic in the Caribbean.


Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3,000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.[1]


The Dominican economy has been dependent on agriculture - primarily bananas - in years past, but increasingly has been driven by tourism as the government seeks to promote Dominica as an "ecotourism" destination. In order to diversify the island's production base, the government also is attempting to develop an offshore financial sector and has signed an agreement with the EU to develop geothermal energy resources. In 2003, the government began a comprehensive restructuring of the economy - including elimination of price controls, privatization of the state banana company, and tax increases - to address an economic and financial crisis and to meet IMF requirements. This restructuring paved the way for an economic recovery - real growth for 2006 reached a two-decade high - and helped to reduce the debt burden, which remains at about 85% of GDP. Hurricane Dean struck the island in August 2007 causing damages equivalent to 20% of GDP. In 2009, growth slowed as a result of the global recession; it picked up only slightly in 2010.[2]


  • Nicholas Liverpool () (October 2, 2003 - )

Prime Minister

  • Roosevelt Skerrit () (January 8, 2004 - )


Dominican Polities

Neighbouring Nations


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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