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République centrafricaine
Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka

Central African Republic

Flag of the Central African Republic Coat of Arms of the Central African Republic
Motto
Unité, Dignité, Travail
Unity, Dignity, Work
Anthem
La Renaissance
Map of the Central African Republic
Central African Empire (1976-79)
CapitalBangui
Government Republic
President
- From 2003François Bozizé
Prime Minister
- From 2008Faustin-Archange Touadéra
Legislature National Assembly
History
December 1, 1958Established
August 13, 1960Independence from France
December 4, 1976Empire proclaimed
September 20, 1979Emperor deposed
Area622,984 km²
Population
- 20094,422,000
 Density7/km²
GDP2009 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 3.2 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 744
CurrencyCFA franc
Flag of France Equatorial Africa
Flag of None Territory of Oubangui-Chari
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The Central African Republic is a republic in Middle Africa.


Background

The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Unrest in the neighboring nations of Chad, Sudan, and the DRC continues to affect stability in the Central African Republic as well.[1]

Economy

Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry, remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR), with about 60% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates more than half of GDP. Timber has accounted for about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry, for 40%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. Grants from France and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs.[2]

President

  • François Bozizé () (Mar 15, 2003 - )


Prime Minister

  • Faustin-Archange Touadéra () (Jan 22, 2008 - )

Nation

Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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