British India

Dominion of the ‌British Empire
Flag of None
Flag of None
1858–1876 Red Ensign Star of India
Flag of the United Kingdom Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
God Save the Queen
Map of British India
Government Monarchy
- 1858-1876Victoria
Governor General
- 1858-1862Viscount Canning
- 1862-1863Earl of Elgin
- 1863-1869Sir John Lawrence
- 1869-1872Earl of Mayo
- 1872-1876Lord Northbrook
August 2, 1858Government of India Act
May 1, 1876Empire Proclaimed
CurrencyBritish Indian rupee
Flag of None British East India Company
Flag of None Mughal Empire
Indian Empire Red Ensign Star of India

British India (1858-1876) was a part of the United Kingdom. When Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India in 1876 India became an empire in itself with in the British Empire.


The British expanded their influence from these footholds until, by the 1850s, they controlled most of present-day India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. In 1857, an unsuccessful rebellion in north India led by Indian soldiers seeking the restoration of the Mughal Emperor led the British Parliament (|) to transfer political power from the East India Company (|) to the Crown. Great Britain began administering most of India directly and maintained both political and economic control, while controlling the rest through treaties with local rulers. India became the "crown jewel" of the rapidly expanding British Empire.[1]


  • Victoria () (August 2, 1858 - May 1, 1876)

Governor General

  • Viscount Canning () (August 2, 1858 - March 21, 1862)
  • Earl of Elgin () (March 21, 1862 - November 20, 1863)
  • Sir John Lawrence () (November 20, 1863 - January 12, 1869)
  • Earl of Mayo () (January 12, 1869 - February 8, 1872)
  • Lord Northbrook () (February 8, 1872 - May 1, 1876)


British Empire


  1. The United States Department of State - Background Note: India