Bailliage de Jersey
Bailiwick of Jersey

British Crown Dependency
Flag of Jersey Alternate Coat of Arms of Normandy
God Save the Queen
Map of the Channel Islands
German Military Government of the Channel Islands (1940-45)
CapitalSaint Helier
Government Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
Duke of Normandy
- From 1952Elizabeth II
Lieutenant Governor
- From 2006Andrew Ridgway
Chief Minister
- From 2008Terry Le Sueur
Legislature States of Jersey
- 1204 Separation from Normandy
- 1279Bailiwick established
July 1, 1940Occupation by Germany
May 9, 1945Liberation from Germany
August 25, 1945Civilian rule restored
Area116 km²
- 200391,626
GDP2003 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 3.6 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 40,000
CurrencyPound sterling
Flag of None Lordship of the Isles

The Bailiwick of Jersey is a constitutional monarchy and a British crown dependency in the English Channel.


Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.[1]


Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2005 the finance sector accounted for about 50% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries. Tourism accounts for one-quarter of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey with the result that an electronics industry has developed, displacing more traditional industries. All raw material and energy requirements are imported as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. Living standards come close to those of the UK.[2]

Duke of Normandy

  • Elizabeth II () (February 6, 1952 - )

Lieutenant Governor

  • Andrew Ridgway () (June 14, 2006 - )

Chief Minister

  • Terry Le Sueur () (December 12, 2008 - )


Channel Islands

Normandy Polities


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview

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